Iran wikipedia

In the Old Persian architecture, semi-circular and oval-shaped vaults were of great interest, leading Safavid architects to display their extraordinary skills in making massive domes. Domes can be seen frequently in the structure of bazaars and mosques, particularly during the Safavid period in Isfahan. Iranian domes are distinguished for their height, proportion of elements, beauty of form, and roundness of the dome stem. The outer surfaces of the domes are mostly mosaic faced, and create a magical view. Read the latest Iran headlines, on NewsNow: the one-stop shop for Iran news. Trade exchange between Iran, Iraq 'underway' by observing health protocols Mehr News Agency02:44

Universities, institutes of technology, medical schools, and community colleges provide higher education. The requirement to enter into higher education is to have a high school diploma, followed by a one-year preparation class, and finally pass the national university entrance exam. Higher education is sanctioned by different levels of diplomas: Fogh-Diplom or Kardani (equivalent to a baccalaureate in technical engineering) is awarded after two years of higher education, Karshenasi (also known as a “license”), is given after four years of higher education (bachelor’s degree). Fogh License is awarded after two more years of study (master’s degree). After which, a new entrance exam allows the candidate to pursue a doctoral program (PhD). For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Iran. This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit) In southwestern Iran, roughly 650 km (400 mi) south of the capital city of Tehran, and some 70 km The Zagros Mountains in southwestern Iran present an impressive landscape of long linear ridges.. A faltering Safavid court eventually gave way to the conqueror Nadir Shah (r. 1736–1747), founder of the Afsharid dynasty. He restored order and implemented policies for preserving the territorial integrity of Iran. In a short period, he conquered Afghanistan and India. The Zand dynasty, founded by Karim Khan, brought a period a peace for Iranians. Later came the Qajar dynasty (1795–1925). Wiktionary pronunciation. encyclopaedia. Wikipedia Google search Google books. → Persian keyboard to type a text with the Arabic alphabet. • Iran Heritage: Persian course (+ audio)

İran Hakkında Bilgi. İran İslam Cumhuriyeti bayrağını üstten alta doğru sıralarsak, yatay olarak aynı kalınlıkta, yeşil, beyaz ve kırmızı üç şeritten oluşuyor. Bayrağın ortasındaki amblemde Arapça Allah.. Marriage in Iran merges two families, giving each family extensive rights and obligations. Therefore, the families want to be certain they are compatible before any marriage takes place. A mother is on the lookout for good marriage prospects for her children. Once a prospect is selected, the mother lets her counterpart in the other family know that a proposal would be made, or would be welcome. The husband makes the proposal.

Iran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi

Iran, a mountainous, arid, and ethnically diverse country of southwestern Asia. The heart of the Persian empire of antiquity, Iran has long played an important role in the region as an imperial power and as a.. A married couple are faced with a difficult decision - to improve the life of their child by moving to another country or to stay in Iran and look after a deteriorating parent who has Alzheimer's disease

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Iran History, Culture, People, Facts, & Map Britannic

In January 1942, British and Soviet authorities agreed to respect Iran's independence and to withdraw their troops within six months of the war's end. In 1945, the Soviet Union delayed leaving Iran's northwestern provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan, where Soviet-supported autonomy movements had developed. The Soviet Union withdrew its troops in May 1946, but tensions continued. This episode helped precipitate the Cold War, the post-war rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies. İran ülkemizin en önemli komşu devletlerinden bir tanesi olması ve Ortadoğu'nun önemli İran'ın genel özellikleri nelerdir? -İran ülkemizin komşuları içerisinde ülkemiz de dahil en büyük toprağa sahip..

Iran. From WikiIslam, the online resource on Islam. Jump to: navigation, search. Former Muslims from Iran (Category). Category:Iran (May contain further articles or redirects) By the seventeenth century, European countries, including Portugal, Great Britain, Imperial Russia, and France, had started establishing colonial footholds in the region. Iran, as a result, lost sovereignty over many of its provinces to these countries via the Turkmanchai Treaty, Gulistan Treaty, and others.

In 1218, Genghis Khan came down from the Altai Mountains, marched through Iranian territories in Transoxiana to Khorasan, occupied mainland Persia, then turned east through India and China. Holaku, one of the conqueror's grandsons, was left behind to reign over Persia. He soon became "Persianized." Settled in Maragheh (south of Tabriz), he called Persian men of letters to his court and encouraged the sciences and arts. Iran International - English. Broadcasting & media production company. Iran International ايران اينترنشنال. 20 mins ·. فرزند عبدالرسول مرتضوی، زندانی سیاسی و از نویسندگان بیانیه..

Wikipedia-iran.com is tracked by us since July, 2017. Over the time it has been ranked as high as 1 Wikipedia-iran has the lowest Google pagerank and bad results in terms of Yandex topical citation.. The state also actively monitors the internet, which has become enormously popular among Iranian youth. Iran is now the world's fourth-largest country of "bloggers." Iran, a mountainous, arid, and ethnically diverse country of southwestern Asia. Much of Iran consists of a central desert plateau, which is ringed on all sides by lofty mountain ranges that afford access to the interior through high passes. Most of the population lives on the edges of this forbidding, waterless waste. The capital is Tehrān, a sprawling, jumbled metropolis at the southern foot of the Elburz Mountains. Famed for its handsome architecture and verdant gardens, the city fell somewhat into disrepair in the decades following the Iranian Revolution of 1978–79, though efforts were later mounted to preserve historic buildings and expand the city’s network of parks. As with Tehrān, cities such as Eṣfahān and Shīrāz combine modern buildings with important landmarks from the past and serve as major centres of education, culture, and commerce.Branches of an extended family may live in rooms in the same compound, but have separate eating and sleeping arrangements. Members of extended families have wide rights to hospitality in the homes of even their most distant relations. Family members tend to socialize with each other. The main building types of classical Iranian architecture are the mosque and the palace. The architecture makes use of abundant symbolic geometry, using pure forms such as the circle and square. Plans are based on symmetrical layouts featuring rectangular courtyards and halls.

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Iran - New World Encyclopedi

definition of Wikipedia. synonyms - IRAN. report a problem. İran, uluslararası enerji güvenliği ve dünya ekonomisinde geniş petrol ve doğal gaz kaynakları sonucu önemli bir konuma sahiptir The supreme leader appoints the head of the judiciary, who in turn appoints the head of the Supreme Court and the chief public prosecutor. Public courts deal with civil and criminal cases, and "revolutionary courts" deal with crimes against national security. The decisions of the revolutionary courts cannot be appealed. The Special Clerical Court handles crimes committed by clerics, functions independently of the regular judicial framework, and is accountable only to the supreme leader. The court's rulings are final and cannot be appealed. Iran also has a paramilitary volunteer force called the Basij, which includes about 90,000 full-time, active-duty uniformed Basij members, up to 300,000 reservists, and a further 11 million men and women who could be mobilized. Iran. Helicopter footage captures horrific aftermath of Ukrainian Boeing crash in Iran (VIDEO) Wikipedia about Iran: Iran on our wiki pages. This Wikipedia's article is available under the GFDL. All links in the article are integrated to browse on Gulliway. Jump to navigation Jump to search

Iran - Wikitrave

  1. e explorations in regional states. Tehran, May 10, IRNA - Deputy head of Geological Survey and Mineral Explorations of Iran (GSI) Call of Iran Int'l University Theatre Fest..
  2. al ideas greatly influenced later human civilizations; Cyrus' principles of ruling—advocating love rather than fear—influenced the original U.S. Constitution.
  3. Iran Press - Iran Press News -Iranpressnews - Find the latest iran news and world news, breaking news, weather, business, entertainment, politics, technolo..
  4. Meanwhile, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein decided to take advantage of perceived disorder in the wake of the Iranian Revolution. The once-strong Iranian military had been disbanded, and with the shah ousted, Saddam wanted to position himself as the new strongman of the Middle East. He also sought to expand Iraq's access to the Persian Gulf by acquiring Khuzestan, which had a substantial Arab population and rich oil fields, and the islands of Abu Musa and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs.
  5. İran (Farsça: ایران ), resmî adı İran İslam Cumhuriyeti (Farsça: جمهوری اسلامی ایران ) / Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān, Güneybatı Asya'da ülke. Güneyde Fars Körfezi ve Umman Körfezi, kuzeyde ise Hazar..
  6. Iran is OPEC's second-largest oil producer, exporting over three million barrels of oil per day. Moreover, it holds 10 percent of the world's confirmed oil reserves. Iran also has the world's second-largest natural gas reserves (after Russia).

Iran - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi

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Почему Персия сменила название на Ира

File:Shir-o-Khorshid Flag of Iran in map

The country’s difficulties led to the ascent in 1925 of the Pahlavi line, whose ill-planned efforts to modernize Iran led to widespread dissatisfaction and the dynasty’s subsequent overthrow in the revolution of 1979. This revolution brought a regime to power that uniquely combined elements of a parliamentary democracy with an Islamic theocracy run by the country’s clergy. The world’s sole Shiʿi state, Iran found itself almost immediately embroiled in a long-term war with neighbouring Iraq that left it economically and socially drained, and the Islamic republic’s alleged support for international terrorism left the country ostracized from the global community. Reformist elements rose within the government during the last decade of the 20th century, opposed both to the ongoing rule of the clergy and to Iran’s continued political and economic isolation from the international community.The Iranian Constitutional Revolution was sparked in December 1905, when two Iranian merchants were publicly beaten in Tehran for charging exorbitant prices. Protest against this by other merchants was joined by clerics. An uprising widened when government troops entered a mosque to disperse protesters. In a scuffle in early 1906 the government killed a descendant of the prophet Muhammad, and a large number of clergy sought sanctuary in the holy city Qom. Iran's economy is marked by a bloated, inefficient state sector, over-reliance on the oil sector, and statist policies that create distortions throughout the nation. Most economic activity is controlled by the state. Private sector activity is typically small-scale workshops, farming, and services.

Get the latest Iran Football news, Leagues, Scores, Stats, Standings, Rumors and more. Tehran Times - Iran Football League Organization plans to test players and staff on a regular basis Iran is a founding member of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO). CNN © 2020 Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. All rights reserved Alexander the Great conquered Persia in 333 B.C.E. only to be followed shortly by two more vast and unified Iranian empires that shaped the pre-Islamic identity of Iran and Central Asia: the Parthian (250 B.C.E.–226 C.E.) and Sassanian (226–650 C.E.) dynasties. These latter dynasties defeated the Roman Empire at the height of its power on several occasions. Iran Press - Iran Press News -Iranpressnews - Find the latest iran news and world news, breaking news, weather, business, entertainment, politics, technolo..

Ninety percent of Iranian people belong to the Shi'a branch of Islam, the official state religion, and about 8 percent, mainly Kurds, belong to the Sunni branch. The remaining 2 percent are non-Muslim religious minorities, mainly Bahá'ís, Mandeans, Hindus, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians. The latter three minority religions are officially recognized, and have reserved seats in the Majles' (Parliament). However the Bahá'í Faith, Iran's largest religious minority, is not officially recognized, and since the 1979 revolution, persecution has increased with executions and access to higher education denied. Cyrus the Great and Zoroastrianism, both of which originated in this land, along with the flowering of thought in ninth-century Persia, each had a decisive impact on the progress of human history. Current local time in Iran - Tehran. Get Tehran's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Explore Tehran's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset Is Iran catching up with the trend of censorship outsourcing and using Persian Wikipedia towards this end? Wikipedia Senior Manager Arash Soleimani giving a speech next to the image of Javad Zarif Iran's literary tradition is rich and varied as well, although the world is most familiar with Iranian poetry. Rumi is by far the most famous of Iran's poets, although Saadi is considered by many Iranians to be just as influential. Both poets were practitioners of Sufism, and are quoted by Iranians with the same frequency and weight as the Qur'an.

The enrichment program caused the nations involved, China, France, Germany, Russia, the United States, and the nations of the EU, to refer the issue back to the Security Council in July 2006. The council set an August 31 deadline for Iran to stop enrichment, but Iran insisted it would continue its program and ignored the deadline. From Persian ایران‎ (irân), from Middle Persian ‎ (ʾērān, of the Aryans). See ‎ (ʾērān) for word formation, further etymology and cognates. The name of the political entity is a 3rd-century development that derives from the indigenous ethnolinguistic name of the..

Median and Achaemenian Empires

The Parthian empire lasted five centuries, until 224 C.E., when the last king was defeated by one of the empire's vassals, the Persians of the Sassanian dynasty. One of the most famous members of wildlife in Iran are the world's last surviving, critically endangered Asiatic cheetah, which today are found nowhere else but in Iran. Iran had lost all of its Asiatic lion and the now-extinct Caspian tigers by the earlier part of the twentieth century. Iran. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations,[20][21] beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in.. Top tags: Iran IDF Donald Trump Binyamin Netahyahu Coronavirus 2020 elections Advertise Polygyny is allowed, but not widely practiced. Divorce is less common than in the West. Families prefer to stay together, since it is difficult to untangle the close relationships between the two families. Children of a marriage belong to the father. After a divorce, men assume custody of boys over three years and girls over seven. Women sometimes renounce their divorce payment to get custody.

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Afsharids, Zands and Qajars

The Assembly of Experts, which meets for one week annually, comprises 86 "virtuous and learned" clerics elected by adult suffrage for eight-year terms. The Council of Guardians determines candidates' eligibility. The assembly elects the supreme leader and has the constitutional authority to remove the supreme leader from power at any time. The assembly has never been known to challenge any of the supreme leader's decisions. Reza Shah had ambitious plans for modernizing Iran. He sent hundreds of Iranians, including his son, to Europe for training. During 16 years from 1925 and 1941, Reza Shah's numerous development projects transformed Iran into an urbanized country. Public education progressed rapidly, and a professional middle class and an industrial working class emerged. By the mid-1930s Reza Shah's dictatorial style of rule caused dissatisfaction among some groups, particularly the clergy who opposed his reforms. Male children inherit full shares of their father's estate, wives and daughters half-shares. The patriarch is the oldest male of the family, and he demands respect from other family members. The extended family aims to extend its influence into as many spheres as possible. Some family members will go into government, others into the military, others join the clergy. Families try to marry their children into powerful families.

The presidential election in June 2005 was won by the hard-line conservative mayor of Tehran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who ran on a populist, anti-corruption platform. Ahmadinejad's victory gave conservatives control of all branches of Iran's government. İran'da devrim, yönetimde demokrasi çağrılarıyla başladı ve dünyanın ilk İslam devletinin kurulmasıyla sonuçlandı. İran toplumunu baştan sona değiştiren İran İslam Devrimi 20. yüzyılın en önemli dönüm..

Landowners on their death have willed large tracts of land, including whole villages, as well as other property, to the religious bequest (waqf) trust. The Pahlavi rulers sought to break the economic power of the clergy, who controlled this vast property empire, by nationalizing it, an action vehemently opposed by the clergy before the revolution. Population of Iran: current, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age, total fertility rate (TFR), population density, urbanization, urban population, country's share of world.. Iran appears to have blocked Google Sites and at least two sensitive Wikipedia pages in its latest Internet Google and Wikipedia appear to be the latest victims of Iran's online censorship efforts.. After Iran resumed converting raw uranium into gas in August 2005, a necessary step for enrichment, the IAEA passed a resolution that accused Iran of failing to comply with the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty and called for the agency to report Iran to the UN Security Council. Tens of thousands of Iranian civilians and military personnel were killed when Iraq used chemical weapons. The total Iranian casualties of the war were estimated to be anywhere between 500,000 and 1,000,000.

A man of marriageable age has a right of first refusal for his father's brother's daughter—his cousin. This type of marriage consolidates wealth from the grandparents' generation. A love match with someone outside the family is not impossible, but the family visitation and negotiation must be observed. The Majlis of Iran (Islamic Consultative Assembly), or parliament, is comprised of 290 members elected for four-year terms. The Majlis drafts legislation, ratifies international treaties, and approves the national budget. All Majlis candidates and all legislation from the assembly must be approved by the Council of Guardians. A young man wanting to be a cleric may train in a religious school. When he has completed a course of study, he takes up residence in a community needing a cleric. Overtime, he may build a reputation as a “mujtahed” capable of interpreting Islamic law, and as he gains respect and followers, he may rise to become an ayatollah (literally, “Reflection of God”).

Premier Source of News from Iran | Politics, Culture, Life and all things Iran. In an interview with Shargh newspaper, the president of Iran's Judo Federation, Arash Mir-Esmaili, expressed concern.. Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei on Saturday congratulated the Iranian nation and all nations marking Norouz the start of Persian New Year, naming the calender Iranian year of.. The following sub-entries will provide an overview of the unifying factors which constitute Iran through time and across space, while also showing the complex Under Cyrus the Great and Darius the Great, the Persian Empire eventually became the largest and most powerful empire in human history up until that point. The Persian Empire represented the world's first global superpower and was based on a model of tolerance and respect for other cultures and religions that few powers have matched. The Silk Road, connecting Persia with China was significant not only for the development and flowering of the great civilizations of China, ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, India and Rome, but also helped to lay the foundations of the modern world. Stretching from Turkey and Iraq to Turkmenistan and Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran is the world's 17th largest country in terms of territory, comprising around 1,648 thousand square kilometres

İran gezileri, İran kültürü, İran tarihi, İrandaki her şehir hakkında ayrıntılı bilgi, gezilecek yerler Fars eyaleti, bugünkü İran devletine, halka ve konuşulan dile ismini vermesiyle övünür, bunda da haklidir... ..Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon.. Given Iran's population of 83 million people, its total $96.6 billion in 2018 exports translates to Iran's top 10 exports are highly concentrated, accounting for 89.2% of the overall value of Iranian global.. Tehran was the first city in the Middle East to host the Asian Games in 1974, and continues to host and participate in international sporting events.

The main ethnic groups are Persians (51 percent), Azeris (24 percent), Gilaki and Mazandarani (8 percent), Kurds (7 percent), Arabs (3 percent), Baluchi (2 percent), Lurs (2 percent), Turkmens (2 percent), Qashqai, Armenians, Persian Jews, Georgians, Assyrians, Circassians, Tats, Pashtuns, and others (1 percent). There is little ethnic conflict, although the Kurds, living on Iran's western border, have pushed for autonomy. Nomadic tribal groups in the southern and western regions have been difficult to control. The Arab population of the southwestern province of Khuzestan has aspired to break away from Iran. In 1921, Reza Khan (later Reza Shah Pahlavi), an officer in Iran's only military force, the Persian Cossack Brigade, used his troops to support a coup against the government of the Qajar dynasty. In 1925, a specially convened assembly deposed Ahmad Shah Qajar, the last ruler of the Qajar dynasty, and named Reza Khan, who earlier had adopted the surname Pahlavi, as the new shah. Now I have just read on wikipedia in the visa policy of Iran article that the following is. I just talked today to an employee of Iranian embassy in Zagreb/Croatia, MFA's E-Visa website is to be used only.. In 1501, the Safavid Empire took control of Iran with Ismail I as its first ruler. To establish political legitimacy, the Safavid rulers claimed to be descended from Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib and his wife Fatima (the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad) through the seventh Imam Musa al-Kazim. To further legitimize his power, Ismail I added claims of royal Sassanian heritage after becoming shah. Persia underwent a revival under the Safavid dynasty (1502–1736). Iran's contemporary Shi’a character and significant segments of Iran's current borders take their origin from this era.

On May 8, 2006, Ahmadinejad sent a personal letter to U.S. President George W. Bush to propose "new ways" to end Iran's nuclear dispute. It was the first direct contact between the American and Iranian heads of state since April 9, 1980. During the ninth and tenth centuries, there was a resurgence of Persian national identity, against Arabization of Islam and Muslims. Epic poet Ferdowsi's Shahnameh (Book of Kings), written in Persian, gave rise to a strong reassertion of Iranian national identity, and is in part responsible for the continued existence of Persian as a separate language. At that time, the Persian language was made the official language.

Iran menghidupkan kembali bioskop drive-in alias nonton bioskop dari mobil saat pandemi Corona Iran is bounded to the north by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea, to the east by Pakistan and Afghanistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Iran also controls about a dozen islands in the Persian Gulf. About one-third of its 4,770-mile (7,680-km) boundary is seacoast.When Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990, Iran adhered to international sanctions against Iraq. However, Iran condemned the use of U.S.-led coalition forces against Iraq during the Persian Gulf War (1991). As a result of the war and its aftermath, more than one million Kurds crossed the Iraqi border into Iran as refugees. In Iran, a man in ragged clothes, unshaven, and without any outward trapping of luxury may in fact be rich and powerful, and a well-dressed man driving a fine European car may be mired in debt. Clever youths from poor backgrounds may become educated, and, with the help of persons of power and authority, they rise quickly in status and wealth. The public tends to dismiss awards, promotions, and public accolades. Clerics advance through the informal acknowledgment of their peers. “Ta'arof,” a ritualized system of speech and behavior, allows individuals to interrelate in a harmonious fashion, recognizing each other’s status. The cuisine of Iran is diverse, with each province featuring dishes, as well as culinary traditions and styles, distinct to their regions. It includes a wide variety of foods ranging from chelow kabab barg, koobideh, joojeh, shishleek, soltani, chenjeh, khoresht (stew that is served with white basmati or Persian rice: ghormeh sabzi, gheimeh, and others), aash (a thick soup), kookoo (meat and/or vegetable pies), polow (white rice alone or with addition of meat and/or vegetables and herbs, including loobia polow, albaloo polow, zereshk polow, and others), and a diverse variety of salads, pastries, and drinks specific to different parts of Iran. The list of Persian recipes, appetizers, and desserts is extensive.

ایران اینترنشنال - ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد

Iran - Wiktionar

  1. The last Article IV Executive Board Consultation was on March 22, 2018. Listed below are items related to Islamic Republic of Iran
  2. Iranian students seized U.S. embassy personnel on November 4, 1979, labeling the embassy a "den of spies" and accused its personnel of being CIA agents trying to overthrow the revolutionary government, as the CIA had done to Mohammad Mossadegh in 1953.
  3. g reelected in June, 2001.
  4. "Persian" is the name for the primary language spoken by around 40 million in Iran. However, the Iranian languages and their various dialects (totaling an estimated 150-200 million speakers) exceed the Iranian borders and are spoken throughout western China, southern Russia, and eastern Turkey. As part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages, it is an ancient language, and one of extraordinary grace and flexibility. Having absorbed Arabic vocabulary and many Turkish elements, its vocabulary has expanded to well over 100,000 commonly used words. It is easy to learn, and ideally suited for poetry and literature. The language is remarkably stable; Iranians can read twelfth-century literature with relative ease. Iranian residents whose first language is not Persian are bilingual in Persian and their primary language. Persons whose first language is Persian are usually monolingual.
  5. Various armed political groups that have been repressed include Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO), People's Fedayeen, Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (KDPI), and Komala.
  6. İran (Farsça: ایران ), resmî adı İran İslam Cumhuriyeti (Farsça: جمهوری اسلامی ایران İran (ایران) sözcüğü modern Farsça'ya, Zerdüştlük'ün kutsal kitabı Avesta'da yer alan bir Proto-İrani terim olan..

IRNA Englis

La France en Iran. Ambassade de France à Téhéran. Faire une recherche. Demander un visa pour la France en Iran. France-visas est le portail unique contenant toute l'information nécessaire pour.. The Expediency Council has the authority to mediate disputes between parliament and the Council of Guardians, and serves as an advisory body to the supreme leader, making it one of the most powerful governing bodies in the country.

Iran - Wikiwand From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi

  1. Formal political parties are relatively new in Iran, and most conservatives still prefer to work through political pressure groups rather than parties. Often political parties or groups are formed prior to elections and disbanded soon thereafter.
  2. istered by Turkmen, it was of distinctively Persian culture.
  3. Absentee landlords for hundreds of years used a sharecropping arrangement with tenant farmers. Based on a principle of five shares—land, water, seed, animal labor, and human labor—the farmer received at most two-fifths of the produce, since he supplied only the human and animal labor. Landlords hired laborers to work for wages. Land reforms in the 1960s and 1970s resulted in sharecropping farmers receiving land, while the wage farmers received nothing.
  4. The history of Iran covers over four thousand years. Throughout history, it has been of great strategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia. Iran is significant in international politics due to its large supply of petroleum as well as its influence in the Middle East region.
  5. On December 23, 2006, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1737, which imposed sanctions against Iran for failing to stop its uranium enrichment program following Resolution 1696.
  6. utes away from Tehran's northern districts. From the Tochal peak, one has a spectacular view of the Alborz range, including the 18,606-foot (5671 meter) high Mount Damavand, a dormant volcano.
  7. Последние твиты от Iran (@Iran). Twitter Page of The Iran Project Website, Non-Governmental, Covering Iran & Middle East

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Popular fast foods include chelow kebab (literally "rice and kebab"), and nan-e kebab kebab sandwiches. A preference for American food has resulted in many pizza, steak, hamburger, and fried chicken establishments. Chinese and Japanese cuisine has become popular. The heart of the storied Persian empire of antiquity, Iran has long played an important role in the region as an imperial power and later—because of its strategic position and abundant natural resources, especially petroleum—as a factor in colonial and superpower rivalries. The country’s roots as a distinctive culture and society date to the Achaemenian period, which began in 550 bce. From that time the region that is now Iran—traditionally known as Persia—has been influenced by waves of indigenous and foreign conquerors and immigrants, including the Hellenistic Seleucids and native Parthians and Sāsānids. Persia’s conquest by the Muslim Arabs in the 7th century ce was to leave the most lasting influence, however, as Iranian culture was all but completely subsumed under that of its conquerors.

Iran Population (2020) - Worldomete

  1. Darius' first capital was at Susa, and he started the building program at Persepolis. He built a canal between the Nile and the Red Sea, a forerunner of the modern Suez Canal. He improved an extensive road system, including the Royal Road, a great highway stretching from Susa to Sardis with posting stations at regular intervals.
  2. Iranian budget deficits have been a chronic problem, in part due to large-scale state subsidies (totaling some $30 billion per year) that include foodstuffs and especially gasoline.
  3. Imports totaled $45.48 billion in 2006. Import commodities were industrial raw materials and intermediate goods, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services, and military supplies. Import partners were Germany 13.9 percent, United Arab Emirates 8.4 percent, China 8.3 percent, Italy 7.1 percent, France 6.3 percent, South Korea 5.4 percent, and Russia 4.9 percent.

Constitutional revolution

The capital city, Tehran, had a metropolitan population of 7,314,000 in 2005. More than half of Iran's industry, including the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, military weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products, is based in Tehran. It is also a leading center for the sale of carpets and furniture. There is an oil refinery nearby. In 1951, a pro-democratic nationalist, Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh, was elected prime minister. Mossadegh alarmed the West by nationalizing the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (later British Petroleum, BP) that had controlled the country's oil reserves. Britain immediately embargoed Iran.

Iran Overview World Ban

On Wednesday, Iran's Revolutionary Guard conducted a space launch and Trump threatened to U.S. policy stymies Iran's access to medicine and vital equipment, 32 members of Congress say in a letter.. Iran has two kinds of armed forces: the regular forces and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, totaling about 545,000 personnel. Both fall under the command of the ministry of defense. The regular armed forces have an estimated 420,000 troops in three branches: ground forces (350,000 troops), navy (18,000 sailors), and air force (52,000 airmen). The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps has an estimated 125,000 personnel in five branches: Qods force (special forces), Basij (paramilitary), navy, air force, and the ground forces.

Iran (@Iran) Твитте

  1. Of the thousands of archaeological sites and historic ruins of Iran, almost every one can be found to have been filled, at some point, with earthenware of exceptional quality. Thousands of unique vessels alone were found in the Sialk and Jiroft sites.
  2. Though strictly banned, alcoholic beverages may be available, but not openly available. The most common beverage is called Arak (liqueur). Vodka is the second most commonly available alcohol, imported from Russia. Beer is imported from northern Europe via Turkey. Wine has been a big part of Iranian culture since ancient times, and this tradition has continued despite restrictions. Wine-producing centers are Qazvin, Orumiyeh, Shiraz, and Isfahan. Red wine is the most common variety.
  3. The only large plains are found along the coast of the Caspian Sea and at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, where Iran borders the mouth of the Arvand River. Smaller, discontinuous plains are found along the remaining coast of the Persian Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz, and the Sea of Oman.
  4. The Persian carpet is similar to the Persian garden: full of flowers, birds, and beasts. The colors are usually made from wild flowers, and are rich in burgundy, navy blue, and accents of ivory. The proto-fabric is often washed in tea to soften the texture. Depending on where the rug is made, patterns and designs vary.
  5. So strong is the Persian aptitude for versifying everyday expressions that one can encounter poetry in almost every classical work, whether from Persian literature, science, or metaphysics. In short, the ability to write in verse form was a prerequisite for any scholar. For example, almost half of Avicenna's medical writings are known to be versified. Persian poetry is recognized worldwide and has served as an inspiration for writers and poets around the world. Works of the early era of Persian poetry are characterized by strong court patronage, an extravagance of panegyrics, and what is known as سبک فاخر, "exalted in style."

Roles of men and women

Football (soccer) is by far the most popular sport in Iran. Iran has reached the World Cup finals three times, and its national team is among the football elite in Asia. Many Iranians play in European leagues and many Iranian clubs have hired European players or coaches. Persia was conquered and incorporated into the Arab Empire, but Persia’s cultural richness filled a cultural vacuum in the pious but rough-and-ready Arab society. Persian literature, philosophy, medicine, and art were about to become a major element of Muslim civilization from Cordoba to Delhi, from Guinea to Samarkand. Persia held a position as a crossroads of the major "highways" of that period.

Seorang komandan pasukan khusus Iran memperingatkan Presiden Trump jika Amerika Serikat lakukan serangan, Iran akan 'menghancurkan semua yang dimiliki AS' Find out what is the full meaning of IRAN on Abbreviations.com! What does IRAN mean? This page is about the various possible meanings of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: IRAN Iran has a long history of art, music, architecture, poetry, philosophy, traditions, and ideology. Iranian culture has long been a predominant culture of the Middle East and Central Asia, with Persian considered the language of intellectuals during much of the second millennium C.E. Nearly all philosophical, scientific, or literary work of the Islamic empires was written in Persian and translated to Arabic. Iran Focus is dedicated to providing comprehensive, up-to-date information and news on the Persian Gulf and Middle East region in a fair and balanced manner. Read more here Natural hazards include periodic droughts, floods, dust storms, sandstorms, and earthquakes along the western border and in the northeast.

Iran World The Guardia

The name Persia comes from a region in the south of Iran, called Fars or Pars in the Persian language. This region was the core of the original Persian Empire. Iran (Persian: ایران‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (listen) [dʒomhuːˌɾije eslɒːˌmije ʔiːˈɾɒn].. On September 22, 1980, the Iraqi army invaded Iran at Khuzestan, taking revolutionary Iran by surprise. Although Iraqi forces made early advances, by 1982, Iranian forces pushed the Iraqi army back into Iraq. Khomeini refused a cease-fire from Iraq, demanding huge reparation payments, an end to Saddam's rule, and that Saddam be tried for crimes against humanity. Khomeini also sought to export his Islamic revolution into Iraq, especially on the majority Shi'a Arabs there. The war continued until 1988, when Khomeini accepted a truce mediated by the United Nations.

Iran Wikipedia Iran Bahá'í Fait

  1. Bears in the mountains, wild sheep and goats, gazelles, wild asses, wild pigs, panthers, and foxes abound. Domestic animals include sheep, goats, cattle, horses, water buffalo, donkeys, and camels. The pheasant, partridge, stork, and falcon are native to Iran.
  2. Tea (chai) is served at breakfast and immediately before and after each meal at lunch and dinner, and many times throughout the rest of the day.
  3. In rallying, women drivers participate in national rally tournaments. Also, traditional sports like chess, backgammon, polo, and wrestling are popular.
  4. İran topraklarının merkezinde kalan bölge çoğu kum çölleri ya da derin tuz bataklıkları içeren tuz havzalarından oluşur. Bu bölgenin belirli kesimleri tümüyle boştur, buna karşılık içlerinde önemli..
  5. Persian architects were a highly sought after. For example, Ostad Isa Shirazi is most often credited as the chief architect of the Taj Mahal in India. These artisans were highly instrumental in the designs of such edifices as Afghanistan's Minaret of Jam, the Sultaniyeh Dome, or Tamerlane's tomb in Samarkand, among many others.
  6. More than 30 years after Iran's revolution, its political, military, and international activities continue to challenge and perplex its neighbors and many Western democracies. RAND research has informed..
  7. In Iran, it is considered manly for men to be emotionally sensitive, artistically engaged, and aesthetically acute, while women can be emotionally distant and detached. Open weeping is common for either sex, as is kissing and hand holding between members of the same sex. Physical contact between members of the opposite sex, such as shaking hands, is avoided except between relatives. A proper Iranian man or woman will not be in a closed room with a member of the opposite sex (except for his or her spouse).

Marriage and the family

In mid-2004, Iran began resuming the processing of nuclear fuel, saying that negotiations with European Union nations had failed to bring the promised access to the advanced nuclear technology. The United States said that the processing of nuclear fuel would give Iran the capability to develop nuclear weapons. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said that there was no evidence that Iran was seeking to develop such arms, but also called for Iran to abandon its plans to produce enriched uranium. In November 2004, Iran agreed to suspend uranium enrichment, but said that it would not be held to the suspension if the negotiations with EU nations failed. Iran synonyms, Iran pronunciation, Iran translation, English dictionary definition of Iran. Iran Formerly Per·sia A country of southwest Asia. Inhabited since c. 2000 bc by Iranian peoples.. In the early twenty-first century, the service sector contributed the largest percentage of the GDP, followed by industry (mining and manufacturing) and agriculture. About 45 percent of the government's budget came from oil and natural gas revenues, and 31 percent came from taxes and fees. Government spending contributed to an average annual inflation rate of 14 percent in the period of 2000–2004. Read an article on Iran & Iranian History - the Seljuks: the Seljuk Turks were the dominant power in iran architecture buildings results - ImageSearch. Kharaghan - History of Iran - Wikipedia, the free.. Iran Wikipedia - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free

In 6000 B.C.E. the world saw a fairly sophisticated agricultural society and proto-urban population centers. The southwestern part of Iran was part of the Fertile Crescent where most of humanity's first major crops were grown. Seven-thousand-year-old jars of wine were excavated in the Zagros Mountains, and ruins of 7,000-year-old settlements such as Sialk are further testament to this. Many dynasties have ruled Persia throughout the ages, including Teppe Sialk, Shahr-e Sukhteh, the Marlik civilization, the Luristan civilization, and the Mannaeans. Scholars and archaeologists are only beginning to discover the scope of the independent, non-Semitic Elamite and Jiroft civilizations. Iranin islamilainen tasavalta eli Iran (pers. ‏ایران, Īrān‎) on Lähi-idässä sijaitseva valtio, jonka pääkaupunki on Teheran. Se rajautuu pohjoisessa Armeniaan, Azerbaidžaniin ja Kaspianmereen, pohjoiskoillisessa Turkmenistaniin, idässä Afganistaniin ja Pakistaniin.. The Turks gradually infiltrated the Khorasan region along the Caspian coast. In the year 999 C.E., they dominated local Persian dynasties. Mahmud of Ghazni founded a vast empire. He even conquered northern India and helped to propagate in those lands the new Islamic-Persian civilization of which he was the principal protector. The Islamic Revolutionary Party (IRP) was Iran's sole political party until its dissolution in 1987. Groups that support the Islamic republic include Ansar-e Hizballah, Muslim Students Following the Line of the Imam, Tehran Militant Clergy Association (Ruhaniyat), Islamic Coalition Party (Motalefeh), and Islamic Engineers Society. Active pro-reform student groups include the Office of Strengthening Unity (OSU). Opposition groups include Freedom Movement of Iran, the National Front, and Marz-e Por Gohar. Iran reportedly launches first military satellite as Trump makes threats. The Noor was launched by a three-stage rocket and, according to Iran officials, had reached a 425 km high orbit

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The Supreme Leader of Iran is responsible for general policies, is commander-in-chief of the armed forces, controls military intelligence, and has sole power to declare war. He appoints judiciary heads, state radio and television heads, police and military commanders, and six of the 12 members of the Council of Guardians. The Assembly of Experts elects and dismisses the supreme leader on the basis of qualifications and popular esteem, and is responsible for supervising the supreme leader. On the northern edge of the country (the Caspian coastal plain), temperatures nearly fall below freezing and remain humid for the rest of the year. Summer temperatures rarely exceed 84°F (29°C). Annual precipitation is 27 inches (680mm) in the eastern part of the plain and more than 67 inches (1700mm) in the western part. Iran is important in the world primarily due to its geographical location. If you look at a map, you will see that Iran is situated exactly at the crosspoint of an X connecting Europe, Africa.. Iran. استفاده از کمک های «کامپوس فرانس» برای موفقیت در پیدا کردن رشته تحصیلی، بورس های تحصیلی و آمادگی برای اقامت در فرانسه The earliest references to musicians in Iran are found in Susa and Elam in the third millennium B.C.E. Reliefs, sculptures, and mosaics such as those in Bishapur, from periods of antiquity, depict a vibrant musical culture. Persian traditional music in its contemporary form has its inception in the Naseri era, who ordered the opening of a "House of Crafts," where all master craftsmen would gather for designing instruments and practicing their art.

Iran's central bank has been planning to overhaul its currency since 2008, but the idea began to materialise only after the rial lost more than half of its value due to the US withdrawal from the.. The revolution marked the beginning of the end of Iran's feudalistic society and led to the establishment of a parliament. The revolution was the first event of its kind in the Middle East, and opened the way for cataclysmic change in Persia, heralding the modern era.

To the west, inhabitants in the Zagros Mountains basin experience lower temperatures, severe winters, sub-freezing average daily temperatures, and heavy snowfall. The eastern and central basins are arid, with less than eight inches (200mm) of rain. Average summer temperatures exceed 100°F (38°C). İran , resmî adı İran İslam Cumhuriyeti, Güneybatı Asya'da ülke. Güneyde Fars Körfezi ve Umman Körfezi, kuzeyde ise Hazar Denizi ile çevrilidir. Türkiye, Azerbaycan, Ermenistan, Irak, Pakistan.. ИРАН, Исламская республика Иран (Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran) (до 1935 Персия), государство в Юго-Западной Азии. Включает острова Кешм, Ормуз, Харк и др. в Оманском и Персидском..

Tehran (ISNA) - Iranian President warned the United States and its allies that Iran would never accept violation of Resolution 2231 of the United Nations Security Council, and it is Iran's undisputed right to.. The Saljuqs, his successors, asserted their domination from the Bosphorus to China. These sovereigns usually named Persians as viziers. The first shah of the Sassanian Empire, Ardashir I, began reforming the country both economically and militarily. The empire's territory encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Armenia, Afghanistan, eastern parts of Turkey, and parts of Syria, Pakistan, Caucasia, Central Asia, and Arabia. During Khosrau II's rule (590–628 C.E.), Egypt, Jordan, Palestine and Lebanon were annexed to the empire. The Sassanians called their empire Erānshahr (or Iranshæhr, "Dominion of the Aryans," i.e. of Iranians). The culture of the Sassanian period had influence reaching as far as western Europe. In 1942, the United States, an ally of Britain and the Soviet Union, sent a military force to help maintain and operate sections of the railroad. The British and Soviet authorities allowed Reza Shah's system of government to collapse, and permitted Reza Shah's son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, to succeed to the throne.

Persians were among the first to use mathematics, geometry, and astronomy in architecture. Teppe Sialk, an important ziggurat near Kashan, built 7,000 years ago, represents one such prehistoric site in Persia whose inhabitants were the initiators of a simple and rudimentary housing technique. Osmanlılar da İran'ın Rusların eline geçmemesi için İran üzerine bir sefer düzenledi. Osmanlılarla Ruslar arasında bir savaş tehlikesi belirdi, ama sanıldığı gibi olmayarak iki devlet anlaşarak, İran'ı.. Map of Syrian Revolution, Civil war in Syria, Russian war on Syria, ISIS war on Syria. Sides of conflict. Pro-Assad forces, Syrian army, NDF, Russia, IRGC from Iran, Hezbollah, Shia groups from Iraq, Iraq..

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